Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: octave-communications version File versions  Download package

lz77enco.m

## Copyright (C) 2007 Gorka Lertxundi
##
## This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
## it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
## the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
## (at your option) any later version.
##
## This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
## but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
## MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
## GNU General Public License for more details.
##
## You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
## along with this program; If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.

## -*- texinfo -*-
## @deftypefn {Function File} {@var{c} =} lz77enco (@var{m}, @var{alph}, @var{la}, @var{n})
## Lempel-Ziv 77 source algorithm implementation. Where
##
## @table @asis
## @item @var{c}
## encoded message (Mx3).
## @item @var{alph}
## size of alphabet.
## @item @var{la}
## lookahead buffer size.
## @item @var{n}
## sliding window buffer size.
## @end table
## @seealso{lz77deco}
## @end deftypefn

function c = lz77enco(m, alph, la, n)

  if la <= 0 | n <= 0
    error("lz77enco: Lookahead buffer size and window size must be higher than 0.2");
  endif
  if n - la < la
    error("lz77enco: Unreachable configuration: n - la >= la.");
  endif
  if alph < 2
    error("lz77enco: Alphabet size within less than 2 symbols?");
  endif
  if max(m)+1 > alph
    error("lz77enco: It is not possible to codify the message, too small alphabet size.");
  endif
  if rows(m) != 1
    error("lz77enco: Message to encode must be a 1xN matrix.");
  endif

  c = zeros(1,3);
  enco = zeros(1,3);
  window = zeros(1,n);
  x = length(m);
  len = length(m);

  while x ~= 0
    ## update window
    window(1:n-la) = window(enco(2)+2:n-la+enco(2)+1);
    if x < la
      window(n-la+1:n) = ;
    else
      window(n-la+1:n) = m(len-x+1:len-x+la);
    endif
      
    ## get a reference (position ,length) to longest match, and next symbol
    enco = ;
    for y=(n-la):-1:1
      z = 0;
      while(z ~= la & (window(y+z) == window(n-la+z+1)))
      z += 1;
      endwhile
            
      if enco(2) < z
      enco(1) = y-1;
      enco(2) = z;
      enco(3) = window(n-la+z+1);
      endif
    endfor

    ## encoded message
    if x == len
      c = enco;
    else
      c = [c ; enco];
    endif

    x -= enco(2)+1;
  endwhile
endfunction

%!demo
%! lz77enco([0 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 2 1 2 0 2 1 0 2 1 2 0 0],3,9,18)

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index